Medicinal Properties of Cydonia Oblonga Mill Fruit (Pulp and Peel) in Iranian Traditional Medicine and Modern Phytothrapy

  • Fatemeh Aliasl Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Tayebeh Toliyat Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Ali Mohammadi Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy AND Medical Nanotechnology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Bagher Minaee Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine AND Department of Histology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Nasrin Samadi Department of Drug and Food Control, Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center AND Medicinal Plant Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Jale Aliasl Traditional Medicine Clinical Trial Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
  • Omid Sadeghpour The Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Cydonia oblonga, Phytotherapy, Quince, Traditional medicine, Pharmacology, Phytochemistry


Cydonia oblonga Mill is commonly  known as quince. It seems to have been used since the ancient  time.  Quince  is a popular  fruit  because  of its health  promoting  properties.  It is an undeniable  fact that there is a positive relationship  between a diet rich in plant foods and a diminish  incidence  of cancer,  cardiovascular  and other diseases.  The aim of this study  was demonstrating  pharmacologic  properties of quince (pulp and peel), view of Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) and modern phytotherapy. For this purpose, Pubmed, Elseveir, Scopus, SID and Google scholar were searched for the key terms “Cydonia oblonga” and “Quince” up to 20st June 2015, and also Iranian traditional medicine manuscripts and herbal medicine books were studied. All experimental and animal studies that included the evidences of fruit (pulp and peel) written in this article were selected for review. Quince has various pharmacological  properties including antioxidant,  anti-allergic,  anti-inflammatory,  anticancer,  antibacterial,  and anticolitis properties and effects on blood pressure and blood rheology, and also has several traditional medicine uses. In Iranian traditional medicine, quince pulp is effective on the most important and vital organs like brain, heart and liver. This fruit is a valuable source of compounds with health-promoting properties and can be used as good sources of antioxidants in our diet and may have use in the prevention and treatment of heart, brain and gastrointestinal diseases


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How to Cite
Aliasl F, Toliyat T, Mohammadi A, Minaee B, Samadi N, Aliasl J, Sadeghpour O. Medicinal Properties of Cydonia Oblonga Mill Fruit (Pulp and Peel) in Iranian Traditional Medicine and Modern Phytothrapy. Trad Integr Med. 1(3):122-128.
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