Fine-Humor Producing Materia Medica in Persian Medicine
According to Persian Medicine (PM), humors that can replace the consumed body compounds, while contributing to health maintenance, is called ‘fine humor’ (khelt-e saleh). However, a limited number of foods and beverages have been mentioned as the producers of fine humor. These substances are particularly important in maintaining health in vulnerable populations including pregnant women, lactating mothers, the elderly, infants and children. They also play an important role in certain treatment plans during illness and injury and after recovery. The present study was designed to investigate properties of fine-humor producing materia medica, as described by PM resources. Based on the search performed in PM textbooks, 63 substances were found to have this property. The most frequent Mizaj types were hot-wet (33.34%), hot-dry (19.05%), and cold-wet (17.47%). The highest organ tropism belonged to kidneys and bladder, brain, liver, sex organs, stomach and lungs respectively. Examining drug actions indicated obesogenous (53.97%), enhancing sperm production and sexual potency (42.86%), laxative (39.69%), and tonic (33.34%) actions to be the most prevalent effects of these substances in the body. By integrating these substances into diets, health promotion for children, the elderly, and mothers during nursing and pregnancy may be achieved. Additionally, patients can benefit from a fine-humor producing nutrition both for 1) prevention of chronic diseases and 2) during disease recovery, acute phases of illness, anemia, and metabolic illnesses. Further studies are recommended to analyze the components and nutritional value, and the use of PM capability in culinary medicine.
Avicenna. Qanun Fi al-Teb (Canon of Medicine). Dare Ehya al-Toras Institute. Beirut 2005.
Naseri M. Health Village. Traditional and supplemental medicine. Tehran 2009; p 120.
Razhes MZ. Al-Havi fi Al-Tibb (Continens). Dare Ehya al-Toras Institute. Beirut 2001.
Antaki SD. Tazkira Oolulalbab. Moassesa al-Alami Li al-Matbu`at. Beirut 2000; p 11.
Ahvazi AA. Kamel al-Sana'a al-Tebbiya. Jalaluddin Publications. Institute of Natural Medicine Restoration. Qom 2008; p 118.
Jorjani SI. Al- Aghraz al- Tebbieh va al- Mabahes al-Alayieh. Tehran University Press. Tehran 2005.
Aqili Shirazi MH. Makhzan al-Adwiya [Treasury of Medicaments]. Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran 2015; pp 26,56.
Nazem Jahan M. Exir-e A'zam (The Great Panacea). Iran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran 2008.
Jorjani E. Zakhireh Kharazmshahi. Institute of Natural Medicine Restoration. Qom 2013.
Tonekaboni HM. Tohfat ol Momenin. Nashre shahr Press. Tehran 2007
Noor Comprehensive Traditional Medicine Software. 1.5 ed. Computer Research Center for Islamic Sciences. Tehran 2014.
Akhawayni A. Hedayat al-mota’allemin fi al-tibb (An educational guide for medical students). Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Publication. Mashhad 1992; p 28.
Aghili khorasani MH. Kholasa’t ol Hikma’(persian). 2nd ed. Ismaeelian. Qom 2005. p 57.
Heravi M. Bahr-al-javaher. Jallaleddin. Qom 2008.
Ibn-e-Nafiss. Almoojaz fit-teb. Dar Al-kotob Al-ilmiyah Publication. Lebanon; p 76.
Rhazes MZ. Al-Mansuri Fi At-Tibb. University of Tehran. Tehran 2008.
Naghizadeh A, Salamat M, Hamzeian D, Akbari S, Rezaeizadeh H, et al. IrGO: Iranian traditional medicine general ontology and knowledge base. J Biomed Semantics 2021;12:9.
Denhiere G, Lemaire B. Effects of high-order Co-occurrences on word semantic similarity. Curr Psychol Lett 2008;1:18.
Chaudhari D, Damani OP, Laxman S. Lexical Co-occurrence, Statistical Significance, and Word Association. 2010.
Duan L. Selecting the Right Correlation Measure for Binary Data. SSRN Electronic Journal. 2011.
Naghizadeh A, Hamzeheian D, Akbari S, Mohammadi F, Otoufat T, et al. UNaProd: a universal natural product database for materia medica of iranian traditional medicine. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2020;2020:3690781.
|Issue||Vol 7, No 2, 2022|
|Fine humor Nutrition Health Persian medicine Iranian traditional medicine|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|