Research Article

Effect of Topical Clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry) Gel on Premature Ejaculation: A Pilot Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial


Premature ejaculation is one of the most common sexual disorders worldwide without a satisfying treatment. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of a topical formulation of clove oil in premature ejaculation patients. Eligible patients were randomly divided into two groups to use either Syzygium aromaticum (SA) 1% gel or placebo gel 10 minutes before the intercourse for a period of 8 weeks. Outcome measurement were Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (PEDT) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) questionnaires in addition to Intravaginal Ejaculation Latency Time (IELT). A total number of 22 (11 patients in each group) participants completed the study. At the end of the intervention, the IELT scores changed from 29.84 ± 18.59 to 97.09 ± 91.86 and 42.51 ± 13.98 to 52.45 ± 32.7 seconds in SA gel and placebo groups, respectively (p-value = 0.003). Also, the changes of PEDT scores in the SA gel group (from 14 ± 3.55 to 9.2 ± 4.56) comparing to that of placebo gel group (from 14.63 ± 3.61 to 13.5 ± 3.78) was significantly different (p-value =0.001). Moreover, results of IIEF questionnaire revealed significant improvement of “Intercourse Satisfaction” in SA gel group (p-value = 0.016). No adverse event was observed. It seems that SA gel could be beneficial in the treatment of premature ejaculation; however, it should be further evaluated in larger studies.

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IssueVol 6, No 3, 2021 QRcode
SectionResearch Article(s)
Clove Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb Integrative medicine Premature ejaculation Persian medicine Randomized controlled trial Syzygium aromaticum Urology Sexual disorders

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How to Cite
Sharifi Olounabadi AR, Khayyamfar F, Kamalinejad M, Salesi M, Alijaniha F, Emadi F, Ghaffari F, Daneshfard B, Naseri M. Effect of Topical Clove (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry) Gel on Premature Ejaculation: A Pilot Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial. Trad Integr Med. 2021;6(3):236-248.