Comparison of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Traditional Iranian Medicine in Diagnostic Aspect
AbstractIranian traditional medicine (TIM) has a long and old history from ancient periods up to now and it is used in prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and elimination of diseases in Persia and neighboring countries. In Traditional Iranian Medicine, physiological functions of the human body are based on 7 factors: Elements, Temperament, Humors, Organs, Spirits, Forces or Faculty, Functions. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) with 3000-5000 year of history has a unique system to diagnosis and prevention of diseases. TCM with acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine is one of the most important parts in complementary and alternative medicine. The clinical diagnosis and treatment in TCM are mainly based on the yin-yang and five elements theories. The aim of present study is to assess differences of TCM and TIM in diagnostic aspect for this purpose we searched Iranian databases and 30 years review articles of the Chinese scholar database (CNKI, VIP…) and relevant articles published in Journals inside and outside of China without language restrictions. The results showed that diagnosis in TIM is mostly focused on urine analysis, smelling, and pulse-taking, while a diagnosis of diseases in TCM is mainly focused on tongue observation and pulse taking. It seems that through the time some parts of diagnosis are missed. If practitioners take advantages from traditional medicine and combine it with the science of western medicine, it could be a great help for integrative medicine. Our knowledge about each of the traditional medicine not only should not be against the other types of traditional medicine but also it should be a help for finding information about missed parts.
Avicenna. The canon of medicine. Beirut, Lebanon: Alaalami Beirut library Press; 2005.
Bickley L, Szilagyi PG. Bates' guide to physical examination and history-taking. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2012.
Lloyd M, Bor R. Communication Skills for Medicine.London, UK: Churchill Livingstone; 2004.
Chaghmini MM. Ghanonche fi- Al teb. Tehran, Iran: Almaei Publications; 2013. [In Persian].
Emtiazy M, Keshavarz M, Khodadoost M, Kamalinejad M, Gooshahgir SA, Shahrad Bajestani H, et al. Relation between Body Humors and Hypercholesterolemia: An Iranian Traditional Medicine Perspective Based on the Teaching of Avicenna. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2012; 14(3): 133-8.
Arzani MA. Mizan Al Teb. Qom, Iran: Nour Vahye Publications; 2011. [In Persian].
Hao Y, Liu H, Yue S, Liu X. Introducing traditional Chinese nursing: a review of concepts, theories and practices. Int Nurs Rev 2011; 58(3): 319-27.
Flaws B, Sionneau P. The treatment of modern western medical diseases with chinese medicine: A textbook & clinical manual. Boulder, CO: Blue Poppy Enterprises, Inc.; 2001.
Maciocia G. Diagnosis in chinese medicine: a comprehensive guide. London, UK: Churchill Livingstone; 2004.
Madineh SM. Avicenna's Canon of Medicine and modern urology. Part IV: Normal voiding, dysuria, and oliguria. Urol J 2009; 6(3): 228-33.