Review Article

Bunium persicum: A Review of Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, and Biological Activities

Abstract

Bunium persicum (Boiss) B. Fedtsh (Apiaceae, Persian name: Zireh Kermani) has been used to treat various diseases in traditional and folkloric medicine including gastrointestinal, respiratory, nasopharyngeal, cardiac, ocular, neurological, rheumatological and urinary tract diseases. Its essential oil contains different monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and phenyl propenes. Other chemical constituents identified in B. persicum are phenolic compounds, fatty acids, carboxylic acids, and carbohydrates. Wide range of biological and pharmacological activities including antioxidant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, acetylcholinesterase inhibitory, anticonvulsant, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitory, anti-pancreatic lipase, anticancer, antidiabetic, antihistamine, antidiarrheal, antispasmodic, antihematoxic, antityrosinase and antimicrobial activities have been reported from this plant in modern medicine. This article summarizes comprehensive information attributing traditional uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities of Zireh Kermani.

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IssueVol 5, No 3 (Summer 2020) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Published2020-09-27
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/tim.v5i3.4322
Keywords
Bunium persicum Carum persicum Zireh Kermani Traditional medicine Pharmacology Phytochemistry

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How to Cite
1.
Majidi Z, Bina F, Kahkeshani N, Rahimi R. Bunium persicum: A Review of Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, and Biological Activities. Trad Integr Med. 5(3):150-176.