Traditional Persian Medicine suggestions to Prevent Fasting Headache
Headache is one of the most common medical problems experienced by the majority of general population. In the latest version of the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-Ⅲ) beta in 2013, fasting headache, has been classified as a secondary headache, and a subheading of “Headache attributed to fasting”. Suggested controversial hypothesis of this medical condition include associations with hypoglycemia, sleep quality and caffeine withdrawal, although these relationships have not been confirmed yet. The principal purpose of the present study is to review the etiology and proposed preventive and treating strategies regarding fasting headache in Persian Medicine (PM) literature. This complaint is regarded as a headache associated with dryness in PM. Therefore, words related to "dryness" from PM references. Relevant keywords were also searched in modern medical literature and PubMed, Scopus, Google scholar, Web of science and Sid databases. Obtained results were subsequently compared following classification. Fasting plays a causative role in increasing heat in the heart, liver, and stomach (and other organs), and also decreasing body moisture. Therefore, the effective management as proposed by PM is reducing the heat and increasing body moisture. More research is needed to provide academic evidence in this regard.
Jameson JL. Harrison's principles of internal medicine. 20th ed: McGraw-Hill Education. 2018.
Olesen J. Headache classification committee of the international headache society (IHS) the international classification of headache disorders, asbtracts. Cephalalgia 2018;38:1-211.
Shehata SF, Al-Malki AQ, Alqahtani AJ, Tamraa A, Almutlaq AH, Alshamrani AS. Prevalence of primary headache among King Khalid University students in 2019. Middle East J Fam Med 2020;7:57.
Dalkara T, Kılıç K. How does fasting trigger migraine? A hypothesis. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2013;17:368.
Dalton K. Food intake prior to a migraine attack: study of 2313, spontaneous Headache attack. Headache. The Journal of Head and Face Pain 1975;15:188-193.
Ibn Sina Ah. Al-Qanun fi al-Tibb. Alamy Le-Al-Matbooat Institute. Beirut 2005.
Elgood C. A Medical History of Persia and the Eastern Caliphate: from the earliest times until the year AD 1932. Cambridge University Press. 2010.
Gorji A, Khaleghi Ghadiri M. History of headache in medieval Persian medicine. Lancet Neurol 2002;1:510-515.
Khan MA, Raza F, Khan IA. Ibn sina and the roots of the seven doctrines of preservation of health. Acta Med Hist Adriat 2015;13:87-102.
Razi. Al-Hawi Fi l-Tibb: (Continens of Rhazes: an Encyclopaedia of Medicine). Osmania Oriental Publications Bureau. 1955.
Azam Khan M. Exir Azam (Persian) Vol 1. Institute of Meical History, Islamic Medicine and Complementary Medicine. Tehran 2008.
Topacoglu H, Karcioglu O, Yuruktumen A, Kiran S, Cimrin A, Ozucelik D. Impact of Ramadan on demographics and frequencies of disease‐related visits in the emergency department. Int J Clin Pract 2005;59:900-905.
Martin VT, Behbehani MM. Toward a rational understanding of migraine trigger factors. Med Clin North Am 2001;85:911-941.
Evrin T, Akbaş İ, Koçak AO, Utlu SG, Katipoğlu B, Szarpak L. Analysis of Patients Who Present to Emergency Departments During Ramadan. Disaster Emerg Med J 2019;4:33-41.
Jacome DE. Hypoglycemia rebound migraine. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 2001;41:895-898.
Gray P, Burtness H. Hypoglycemic headache. Endocrinology. 1935;19:549-560.
Blau J, Pyke D. Effect of diabetes on migraine. Lancet. 1970;296:241-243.
Olesen J, Burstein R, Ashina M, Tfelt-Hansen P. Origin of pain in migraine: evidence for peripheral sensitisation. Lancet Neurol 2009;8:679-690.
Pearce J. Insulin induced hypoglycaemia in migraine. J Neurol Neurosur Ps 1971;34:154-156.
Torelli P, Manzoni GC. Fasting headache. Curr Pain Head Rep 2010;14:284-291.
Shapiro R. Caffeine and headaches. Neurol Sci 2007;28:S179-S183.
Mosek A, Korczyn AD. Fasting headache, weight loss, and dehydration. The Journal of Head and Face Pain 1999;39:225-227.
Weber JG EM, Danielson DR. Ingestion of caffeine and postoperative headache. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Elsevier. 1993
Awada A, al Jumah M. The first-of-Ramadan headache. Headache 1999;39:490-493.
Noghani MT, Rezaeizadeh H, Fazljoo SMB, Keshavarz M. Gastrointestinal headache; a narrative review. Emergency 2016;4:171.
Ansari AH, Zulkifle M, Ali M. An analytical study of concordance between Mizaj and diseases in adult patients of NIUM Hospital, Bangalore. Anc Sci Life 2010;30:7.
Mohammadi Farsani GHR, Naseri M, Movahed M, Dorosti MA. The association between basal metabolic rate and temperament in Iranian traditional medicine point of view. Journal of Islamic and Iranian Traditional Medicine 2017;8:29-34.
Baradaran Akbarzadeh N, Tafazoli M, Mazloom SR, Mojahedy M. The relationship of cold and hot temperaments with sexual function among women of reproductive age. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health. 2019;7:1815-1823.
Rezadoost H, Karimi M, Jafari M. Proteomics of hot-wet and cold-dry temperaments proposed in Iranian traditional medicine: a Network-based Study. Sci Rep 2016;6:1-8.
Zeinalian M, Eshaghi M, Hadian M, Naji H, Marandi SMM, Asgary S. Eight essential foods in Iranian traditional medicine and their role in health promotion and well-being. Int J Prev Med 2017;8:31-34.
Salmannejad H, Mojahedi M, Mozaffarpur S, Saghebi R. The review of indices of Mizaj-e-Damagh (temperament of brain) identification in Persian medicine. Journal of Babol University of Medical Sciences 2016;18:71-79.
Aghili Shirazi MH. Moalejat-e Aghili (Persian). Institute of Meical History, Islamic Medicine and Complementary Medicine. Tehran 2008.
Tadjbakhsh H. Al-Aghraz al-Tibbia Val Mabahess al-Alaiia. Tehran University Press. Tehran 2006.
Pakkir Maideen NM, Jumale A, Alatrash JI, Abdul Sukkur AA. Health Benefits of Islamic Intermittent Fasting. Journal of Nutrition, Fasting and Health 2017;5:162-171.
Massoud R, Sharifan A, Massoud A. Religious Fasting; the Purgation of Soul and Body. Journal of Nutrition, Fasting and Health 2020;8:17-22.
Al Assaad RG, Bachir R, El Sayed MJ. Impact of Ramadan on emergency department visits and on medical emergencies. Eur J Emerg Med 2018;25:440-444.
Pakkir Maideen NM, Jumale Ab, Balasubramaniam R. Adverse health effects associated with Islamic fasting-A literature review. Journal of Fasting and Health. 2017;5:113-118.
Bener A, Azhar A, Bessisso M. Do fasting and life style eating habits in Ramadan affect headache? Nutr Food Sci 2007;37:427-433.
Heilbronn LK, Smith SR, Martin CK, Anton SD, Ravussin E. Alternate-day fasting in nonobese subjects: effects on body weight, body composition, and energy metabolism. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:69-73.
Sadeghpour S, Keshteli AH, Daneshpajouhnejad P, Jahangiri P, Adibi P. Ramadan fasting and digestive disorders: SEPAHAN systematic review No. 7. J Res Med Sci 2012;17:150-158.
Sakr AH. Fasting in Islam. J Am Diet Assoc 1975;67:17-21.
Grindrod K, Alsabbagh W. Managing medications during Ramadan fasting. Can Pharm J 2017;150:146-149.
Nejatbakhsh, F. Principles of nutrition in diseases based on principles of Iranian Traditional Medicine. Choogan. Tehran 2013; pp 73-91.
|Issue||Vol. 5, No. 4 (Autumn 2020)|
|Headache Persian Medicine Fasting headache Islamic fasting Religious fasting|
|Rights and permissions|
|This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.|