Dos and Don’ts on the Patient's Bedside: Perspective of Hakim Jorjani

  • Zahra Ghorbanifar Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Marzieh Qaraaty Metabolic Disorders research center, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran Department of Persian Medicine, School of Medicine, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • Omidreza Farahi Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Jorjani, Physician, Patient bedside, Iranian medicine


Seyyed Esmail Jorjani (1042-1137 AD) is a well-known Iranian wise scientist. This highly valued wise man wrote many valuable works such as the Treasure of the Khwarazm Shah (Zakhireye Khwarazmshahi), medical objectives (Al - Aghraz al Tibbia val Mabahess al – Alaiia), Alaii’s secret (Khofi-e-alaii) and Keepsake (Yadegar). The works of this wise man were written in such a way that in the present time, it has maintained its effectiveness despite all the advances in medicine. This high-level scientist in his works has set up duties for the physician which are essential when attending the patient's bedside. He also believes that, after learning medicine well, the doctor should observe some points when attending the patient's bedside, referred to as "the wills the physician should listen to". Hakim Jorjani considers the first requirement for a physician in attending a patient's bedside is to respect religious trust and that the physician should keep his organs out of all unpleasantness. In fact, after completing this moral virtue, the doctor can serve his professional career. Jorjani refers to the subtleties that some of them will be mentioned in this article.


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How to Cite
Ghorbanifar Z, Qaraaty M, Farahi O. Dos and Don’ts on the Patient’s Bedside: Perspective of Hakim Jorjani. Trad Integr Med. 2(4):182-187.
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