Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Students of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences toward Famous Methods of Complementary and Alternative Medicine
AbstractSince students of the of medical universities would have role in health centres and hospitals in the future, they must be aware about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies, related side effects, risks and possible complications. Due to the growing use of CAM in Iran, this study aims to evaluate the level of awareness, attitude, and performance of students of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences. Thisacross-sectional study was performed on 249 medical students(155 girls and 94 boys)of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences in 2014 with mean(SD) age of 20.90 ± 2.18 years. A standard questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were entered into SPSSv. 20 software. The p value less than 0.05 was considered significant.The level of awareness was low with an overall score of 22.56 ± 6.54, and only 22.1% had a positive attitude. About as 46.2% of students used traditional medicine, especially herbal medicine, to treat a cold, and3.2% had the experience of traditional medicine courses.About24.9% of them were in favour of having a course on traditional medicine and 26.9% were interested in traditional medicine. About57.42% of students advised traditional medicine, especially for treatment of muscle pain, and more than 80% believed thattraditional medicine courses are useful. More than 60% preferred methods of traditional medicine to modern medicine, while, 22.1% believed that traditional medicine has side effects. Also, 34.5% believed that traditional medicine is alow-cost option. Based on the poor knowledge and attitudes of medical students toward complementary medicine, it is necessary to enhance students’ awareness through CAM courses in the university.
Global Data. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. In.: Thomson Reuters Embargoed Research Collection. 2014.
Farahmand SK , Zhi GL, Saghebi SA, Mohammadi M, Mohammadi S, Mohammadi G. The Effects of Wet Cupping on Coronary Risk Factors in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Chin Med 2012;40:269-277.
Complementary and alternative medicine: Definitions. WHO website. Medicines.
Harris PE, Cooper KL, Relton C, Thomas KJ. Prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by the general population: a systematic review and update. Int J Clin Pract 2012;66:924-939.
Kiani MA, Nagaphi M, Jafari SA, GhayourMobarhan M, Mohammadi S, Seidi M. The Effect of Music on Pain, Anxiety and Vital Signs of Children during Colonoscopy. Life Sci J 2013;10:31-33.
Harris PE, Cooper KL, Relton C, Thomas KJ. Prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by the general population: a systematic review and update. Int J Clin Pract 2012;66:915-916.
Shani-Gershoni Z, Freud T, Press Y, Peleg R. Knowledge and Attitudes of Internists Compared to Medical Students Regarding Acupuncture. IMAJ 2008;10:219-222.
NaghibiHarat Z, Jalali N, Zarafshan M, Ebadiani M, Karbakhsh M. A glance on Iranian traditional medicine and determining the medical student’s perspective. Ijme 2008;1:45-54.
Kong FH, Man LK, Shetty RS, Kamath VG. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) among Medical Practitioners. IJRRMS 2013;3:5-9.
Majeed K, Mahmud H, Majeed K, Khawaja HR, Mansoor S, Masood S, Khimani F.Complementary and alternative medicine: Perceptions of medical students in Pakistan. Med Educ Online [serial online] 2007;12:11.
Tiralongo E, Wallis M. Attitudes and perceptions of Australian pharmacy students towards Complementary and Alternative Medicine – a pilot study.BMC Complement Altern Med 2008;8:2.
Farooqui M, Othman CN, Kanakal M. Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices (KAP) of Complementary & Alternative Medicine (CAM) Amongst Diploma Pharmacy Students in Malaysia. Open Conf Proc J 2013;4:165.
Yildirim Y, Parlar S, Eyigor S, SertozO, Eyigor C, Fadiloglu C. An analysis of nursing and medical students' attitudes towards and knowledge of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).J Clin Nurs 2010;19:1157-1166.
Berman BM. Complementary medicine and medical education. BMJ 2001;322:121-122.
Greenfield SM, Brown R, Dawlatly SL, Reynolds JA, Roberst S, Dawlatly RJ. Gender differences among medical students in attitudes to learning about complementary and alternative medicine. Complement Ther Med 2006,14:207-212.