Traditional and Integrative Medicine 2016. 1(1):44-46.

Investigation of in vitro antifungal activity of Salicornia iranica Akhani
Nassim Rahmani, Zohreh Heydarian

Abstract


Salicornia is one of the halophyte plants that grow in salt marshes and beaches. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the in vitro antifungal activity of Salicornia iranica, an endemic species of Iran, in two fungal species, including Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans. For this purpose, S. iranica 70% of ethanolic extract was prepared and mixed in plates with agar medium containing A. niger and C. albicans separately and allowed to gelatinize. Fungal samples were placed on each plate by the sampler. After absorption of microbial suspension into the agar plates, all of them were incubated at 25 °C for 72 hours. The results showed that S. iranica has no inhibitory  effect  on  tested  fungi.  Since  the  antimicrobial  activity  of  Salicornia  have  been attributed to fatty acid methyl esters, negative antifungal activity may be due to the lack of this compound in ethanolic extract, degradation of them through extraction, or the resistance of tested fungal species to the related compounds.


Keywords


Salicornia Iranica; Antifungal Activity; Ethanolic Extract; Aspergillus Niger; Candida; Albicans

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akhani H. Taxonomic revision of the genus salicornia l. (chenopodiaceae) in central and southern Iran. Pak J Bot 2008; 40(4): 1635-55.

Alma HM, Ertas M, Nitz S, Kollmannsberger H. Research on essential oil content and chemical composition of Turkish clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.). Bio Resources 2007; 2(2): 265-9.

Bhosale SH, Jagtap TG, Naik CG. Antifungal activity of some marine organisms from India, against food spoilage Aspergillus strains. Mycopathologia 1999; 147(3): 133-8.

Dixon RA. Natural products and plant disease resistance. Nature 2001; 411(6839): 843-7.

Kong CS, Kim YA, Kim MM, Park JS, Kim JA, Kim SK, et al. Flavonoid glycosides isolated from Salicornia herbacea inhibit matrix metalloproteinase in HT1080 cells. Toxicol in Vitro 2008; 22(7): 1742-8.

Lellau TF, Liebezeit G. Activity of ethanolic extracts of salt marsh plants from the Lower Saxonian Wadden Sea Coast against microorganisms. Senckenbergiana Maritima 2003; 32(1-2): 177-81.

Muyima NYO, Nziweni S, Mabinya LV. Antimicrobial and antioxidative activities of Tagetes minuta, Lippia javanica and Foeniculum vulgare essential oils from the Eastern Cape

Province of South Africa. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants 2004; 7(1): 68-78.

Pitarokili D, Tzakou O, Loukis A, Harvala C. Volatile metabolites from Salvia fruticosa as antifungal agents in soilborne pathogens. J Agric Food Chem 2003; 51(11): 3294-301.

de Rodri´guez DJ, Hernández-Castillo D, Rodri´guez-Garci´a R, Angulo-Sánchez JL. Antifungal activity in vitro of Aloe vera pulp and liquid fraction against plant pathogenic fungi. Industrial Crops and Products 2005; 21(1): 81-7.

Shimoni M, Putievsky E, Ravid U, Reuveni R. Antifungal activity of volatile fractions of essential oils from four aromatic wild plants in Israel. J Chem Ecol 1993; 19(6): 1129-33.

Usha Rani S, Ramya N, Kavi Newton DE. In vitro antifungal activity of Salicornia and Avicennia against Macrophomina phaseolina the incitant of dry root rot of black gram. Int J Adv Res Biol Sci 2014; 1(9): 235-43.

Manikandan T, Neelakandan T, Rani G. Antibacterial activity of Salicornia brachiata, a halophyte. Journal of Phytology 2009; 1(6): 441-3.

Chandrasekaran M, Kannathasan K, Venkatesalu V. Antimicrobial activity of fatty acid methyl esters of some members of Chenopodiaceae. Z Naturforsch C 2008; 63(5-6): 331-6.




Traditional and Integrative Medicine(Quarterly)
P-ISSN: 2476-5104,  E-ISSN: 2476-5112 

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.