Gut-Uterus Connection; The path for prevention of pregnancy complications

  • Mohammad Ali Zareian Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Persian Medicine, department of Persian medicine
  • Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh Assistant professor, Persian Medicine Department, Persian Medicine Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Alireza Yargholi PhD student, Persian Medicine Department, Persian Medicine Faculty, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: bowel habit, gut-uterus axis, traditional Persian medicine, healthy pregnancy, iranian traditional medicine


this manuscript is a letter to editor.


[1] Alizadeh Vaghasloo M, Zareian MA, Soroushzadeh SMA. The Concept of Nozj. Trad Integr Med 2016;1:133-135.
[2] Avicenna, The Physics of The Healing [The Book of Healing], Vol 3. Qom 1984.
[3] Yavari M, Khodabandeh F, Tansaz M, Rouholamin S. A neuropsychiatric complication of oligomenorrhea according to iranian traditional medicine. Iran J Reprod Med 2014;12:453.
[4] Avicenna. Al-Qanon fi-altib. Alaalami lilmatbuat. Vol 3. Bairut 2007. [In Arabic]
[5] Zareian MA, Nejatbakhsh F, Tabarrai Arani M. Importance and methods of treating pregnancy constipation in conventional medicine and comparison with traditional medicine. IJOG 2017;19:19-32. [In Persian]
[6] Arzani M. Tebb-e Akbari. Institute of Medical History, Islamic and Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences. Vol 2. Tehran 2005. [In Persian]
[7] Arthur C, Ament ME, Song MK. Prostaglandin metabolism in relation to the bowel habits of women. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes Essent Fatty Acids 1992;46:257-259.
[8] Bernstein MT, Graff LA, Avery L, Palatnick C, Parnerowski K, Targownik LE. Gastrointestinal symptoms before and during menses in healthy women. BMC women's health 2014;14:14.
[9] Weber AM, Ziegler C, Belinson JL, Mitchinson AR, Widrich T, Fazio V. Gynecologic history of women with inflammatory bowel disease. Obstetrics & Gynecology 1995;86:843-847.
[10] Keller J, Frederking D, Layer P. The spectrum and treatment of gastrointestinal disorders during pregnancy. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2008;5:430-443.
[11] Cullen G, O'Donoghue D. Constipation and pregnancy. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2007;21:807-818.
[12] Guilfoyle P, O'brien H, O'keeffe ST. Delusions of pregnancy in older women: a case series. Age Ageing 2015;44:1058-1061.
[13] Ahmadieh A. Raz-e Darman. Eghbal. Vol 1. Tehran 2007. [In Persian]
[14] Cong P, Pricolo V, Biancani P, Behar J. Abnormalities of prostaglandins and cyclooxygenase enzymes in female patients with slow-transit constipation. Gastroenterology 2007;133:445-453.
[15] Guarino M, Cheng L, Cicala M, Ripetti V, Biancani P, Behar J. Progesterone receptors and serotonin levels in colon epithelial cells from females with slow transit constipation. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2011;23:e210.
[16] Collins JJ, Lin CE, Berthoud HR, Papka RE. Vagal afferents from the uterus and cervix provide direct connections to the brainstem. Cell Tissue Res 1999;295:43-54.
[17] Baladi A. Management of pregnant women & infants & children (Tadbir al-Hobala va al-Atfal va al-Sibyan). Dar Al-Rashid. Baghdad 1980. [In Arabic]
[18] Ahwazi A. Kamel al-sanaat al-tebbieh. Jalaleddin. Vol 4. Qom 2008. [In Arabic]
How to Cite
Zareian MA, Nejatbakhsh F, Yargholi A. Gut-Uterus Connection; The path for prevention of pregnancy complications. JTIM. 3(4):178-80.
Letter to the Editor