Roast Natural Products for Gastrointestinal Disorders
AbstractThe intensive heat treatment of roasting, a cooking method using hot air, has a major role in food industries. In Traditional Pharmacy of Iran, roasting was a common treatment for natural products. Therein, specific parts of medicinal plants and some minerals were necessarily roasted in order to obtain special characteristics. Qarabadin Salehi was searched to extract multi-component products which included roast ingredients. Effects and indications of each multi-ingredient, used part of ingredients, their proportion in formulation, and the percentage of roast part were mentioned. Thirty formulations which had at least one roast herbal or mineral component were found. They had been suggested for diarrhea, dysentery (Zahir), emesis, enteritis (Sahj), enteric ulcers, gastritis, gripe (maghs), hemorrhoid, and rectal hemorrhage. Other effects were carminative, digestive, liver tonic, stomachic, and tonic. Thirty cases of roast seeds, and ten cases of roast fruits were reported. Twenty-five compounds out of 30 improve abnormal fluid secretion into the small bowl and electrolyte imbalance symptoms. The formulations can be more effective in the case of liquid absorption. Generally, roasting has been a valuable treatment for processing natural products which are used in compounds for gastrointestinal disorders.
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