The Role of Nature (Tabiat) in Persian Medicine

  • Gholamreza Kordafshari Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Hoorieh Mohamadi Kenari Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran School of Persian Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Esmaeil Nazem Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Maryam Moghimi Office of Persian Medicine, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Shams Ardakani Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mansoor Keshavarz Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Arman Zargaran Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Department of History of Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Nature, Persian Medicine, Medical History

Abstract

In middle and west Asia, Europe and north of Africa in ancient and medieval time the main paradigm  and doctrine of medicine was based on humoral theory. This theory of medicine was based on four temperaments (mizaj). Regarding, it was a terminology called Tabiat (Nature) in the humoral medicine which plays a key role in the paradigm as a wisdom force in the body to keep body healthy and back body to healthy condition in diseases. There were four principles of nature: Wisdom (Hikma), Cosmos, Attorney, and Treatment.  Based on the Persian medicine principles, physician is the servant of the nature. He/she should try to help the nature of the patient to restore health.  

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Published
2017-12-26
How to Cite
1.
Kordafshari G, Mohamadi Kenari H, Nazem E, Moghimi M, Shams Ardakani MR, Keshavarz M, Zargaran A. The Role of Nature (Tabiat) in Persian Medicine. JTIM. 2(4):177-81.
Section
Short Communication(s)