Traditional and Integrative Medicine http://jtim.tums.ac.ir/index.php/jtim <p><strong>Traditional and Integrative Medicine&nbsp;</strong>is an international quarterly&nbsp;open access peer-reviewed journal of School of Traditional Medicine published on behalf of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. This journal covering all scientific aspects of traditional, complementary and integrative medicines including history, chemistry, pharmacology, molecular mechanism, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, safety, quality control, and clinical trial.&nbsp;Traditional and Integrative Medicine provides a bridge connected the tradition medicine system to the modern life science with the efforts of top scientists, as well as a resource to pursuit the solutions for the existing common issues in the traditional medicine. All type of studies including original researches, reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, short communications, case reports, letters and editorials from the scientists in all over the worlds are welcome to this journal.</p> Tehran University of Medical Sciences en-US Traditional and Integrative Medicine <span>The <em>Traditional and Integrative Medicine</em> allow the author(s) to hold the copyright without restrictions. Also the journal allow the author(s) to retain publishing rights without restrictions.</span> Gut-Uterus Connection; The path for prevention of pregnancy complications http://jtim.tums.ac.ir/index.php/jtim/article/view/165 <p>this manuscript is a letter to editor.</p> Mohammad Ali Zareian Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh Alireza Yargholi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-22 2018-12-22 3 4 178 180 Gulqand: A Nutraceutical from Sugared Petals http://jtim.tums.ac.ir/index.php/jtim/article/view/164 <p>Edible flowers have traditionally been used in various foods and beverages. Besides their usage in culinary arts for flavor and garnish, they are known as nutraceuticals because of having phytochemicals and biological properties. Based on Traditional Persian Medicine, <em>Gulqand</em> is a two-ingredient dosage form containing one type of edible petal mixed with sugar. The most famous <em>Gulqand</em> is prepared with <em>Rosa damascena</em> flowers. In current study, keyword of <em>Gulqand</em> was searched in three medieval Persian manuscripts. Different formulations, preparation method, temperament, effects, multi-ingredient formulations which contain <em>Gulqand</em>, and their applications were extracted. Most of side effects which can be controlled by <em>R. damascena</em> <em>Gulqand </em>was gastrointestinal or relevant to central nervous system like flatus and headache. <em>Golqand</em>s, the traditional nutraceutical from sugared petals, are potentials for further research and new products.</p> Forough Afsari Sardari Afsari Sardari Amir Azadi Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh Parmis Badr ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-22 2018-12-22 3 4 181 186 Makhzan al Adviyeh and Pointing to the Scientific Names of Medicinal Plants for the First Time in a Persian Book http://jtim.tums.ac.ir/index.php/jtim/article/view/178 <p>Makhzan al-Adviyeh is a medicinal book on simple drugs written with eloquent and fluent prose in Persian by Mohammad Hossein Aghili Khorasani Shirazi in 12th AH century. This book is for sure one of the most comprehensive Persian books on medicinal simple drugs and is very much addressed by traditional medicine researchers. One of the interesting points about this book is the consideration of the scientific names of some of the herbs which are being noted in a Persian book for the first time by Aghili. In this paper, this subject has been addressed together with collecting and describing information regarding the herbs mentioned by their scientific names in the book of Makhzan al-Adviyeh.</p> Mohammad Reza Shams Ardakani Fatemeh Farjadmand Roja Rahimi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-22 2018-12-22 3 4 187 196 Herbal Remedies for Cancer in Persian Medicine http://jtim.tums.ac.ir/index.php/jtim/article/view/152 <p>Cancer is the second cause of mortality in the world causing poor quality of life. Persian Medicine (PM) is mentioned about cancer in details. Many herbs are claimed to be useful in cancer. This paper aimed to search the most common herbal drugs affecting the cancer based on PM literature. This is a review study based on PM literatures and the electronic databases such as Pub Med and Scopus with the terms like herbal drug and cancer. The study found 15 herbs affecting the cancer. Most of these herbs were investigated in the recent studies. It is recommended further evaluation on plants mentioned in PM books, particularly those with no clinical trials or laboratory tests.</p> marjan mahjour Arash Khoushabi MohammadReza Noras ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-22 2018-12-22 3 4 197 207 Grief management based on Persian Medicine http://jtim.tums.ac.ir/index.php/jtim/article/view/145 <p>Grief is an unavoidable emotional reaction against the death of beloved ones that can lead to psychiatric disorders. Persian medicine (PM) scholars have made considerable recommendations regarding emotional reactions including grief. This research was carried out by studying outstanding PM textbooks (<em>Canon of Medicine</em>, <em>Zakhireye Kharazmshahi</em>, <em>ExirAzam</em>and <em>kholasa al hekma) </em>with specific keywords related to the emotional reaction, then a series of database queries (PubMed, Scopus and Science Direct) were performed to reconfirm the efficacy of PM recommendations by conventional medicine. PM physicians considered emotional reactions as one of the most important factors in physical or mental dysfunction. They treated bereaved patients based on their mental and cardiovascular conditions. They used a combination of appropriate nutrition, herbal medicines (<em>Amygdalus communis L</em>., <em>Cinnamomum zylanicum</em>, <em>Crocus sativus L</em>., <em>Cydonia oblonga</em> etc.), physical movement (exercise, massage therapy, game etc.) and psychotherapy (music therapy, aromatherapy etc.) for grief resolution. PM is one of the old paradigms of medicine that can improve psychological and physical complications of grief. Grief is one of the debilitative emotions that can influence patient quality of life so it is important and necessary that health authorities and physicians employ the total potential of medical science for patients’ treatment and rehabilitation.</p> Somayeh Zakeri Narjes Gorji Reihaneh Moeini Hoorieh Mohammadi Kenari Seyyed Ali Mozaffarpur ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-22 2018-12-22 3 4 208 218 Uterine Bleeding Disorders from the Perspective of Iranian Traditional Medicine: a proof for originality of individual-based medicine in Iranian traditional medicine http://jtim.tums.ac.ir/index.php/jtim/article/view/133 <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>One of the most important problems of women in their reproductive age is menstrual disorders and vaginal bleedings. The prevalence rate of these bleedings among women referring to gynecology clinics has been reported to be 19.1%. Treatment of these disorders in modern medicine includes hormone therapy accompanied with medicinal supplements. Iranian medicine, as a humor-based medicine school, has a specific view about the classification of causing factors of these disorders.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This library study was done to investigate the causes of abnormal vaginal bleedings from the perspective of Iranian medicine through reviewing the available texts and references of Iranian traditional medicine.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>In Iranian medicine books, <em>efrat-e tams </em>(hypermenorrhea) has been classified to two general types of normal and abnormal. In normal type, due to the great amount of blood, the nature decides to exit that from a natural exit such as uterine. The abnormal type is divided into two subtypes; the first, is related to the problems in the quantity or quality of the patient's blood and the second type is due to the problem in the uterine that causes blood loss.</p> <p><strong>Discussion: </strong>It seems that attention to the causes of diseases from the perspective of Iranian medicine opens a new perspective in the treatment of menstrual disorders for modern physicians. Studying these causes, beside whatever is known in modern medicine about control of menstrual disorders, can help us for a better treatment with fewer complications.</p> Elham Akhtari haleh Tajadini mahdieyh khazanehha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-22 2018-12-22 3 4 219 223 A Brief Review on Vaginal Drug Delivery in Traditional Persian Medicine http://jtim.tums.ac.ir/index.php/jtim/article/view/151 <p>Based on numerous written works of Persian scholars of Middle ages, Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) has its own capabilities and strengths. According to TPM, vaginal drug delivery was prioritized to treat gynecological disorders because of the adjacency of uterine and cervix to vagina. This study was carried out to introduce and extract vaginal multi-component dosage forms, suggested by eight key medicinal manuscripts. Traditional terms of <em>abzan, bakhour, fetileh, forzjeh, jalous, hamoul</em>, <em>hoghneh</em>, and<em> shiaf </em>were sought as keywords. More than 670 vaginal formulations had been found for various gynecological disorders such as abortion, amenorrhea, and cervical stenosis. Vaginal dosage forms were categorized based on three physical conditions including solid (<em>forzjeh, fetileh, hamoul, </em>and <em>shiaf</em>), liquid (<em>abzan</em>, <em>jalous</em>, and <em>hoghneh</em>), and gas or smoke (<em>bakhour</em>). More detailed analysis of each vaginal dosage form based on traditional documents is suggested.</p> Sayyede Fatemeh Askari Abdolali Mohagheghzadeh Amir Azadi Bahia Namavar Jahromi Mojgan Tansaz Parmis Badr ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-22 2018-12-22 3 4 224 230