Cauterization in the Work of Ibn Al Qaf Masihi (1233-1286 AD)-Medical Heritage of 13th Century

  • Mohd. Fazil HAK Institute of Literary and Historical Research in Unani Medicine, CCRUM, Govt. of AYUSH, New Delhi, India
  • Sadia Nikhat Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, School of Unani Medicine Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
Keywords: Kayi; Ilāj bil Yad; Mikwāh; Cautery; Cauterization

Abstract

Kayi (cauterization) involves the branding of non-healing lesions or any body part with hot metals, oils, drugs or hot water. Kayi is prescribed in ancient Greco-Arabian medicine for treating a wide range of ailments including infections, cancers, dislocations and disorders of temperament. Ibn al-Qaf Masihi was a thirteenth century physician-surgeon who provided a comprehensive understanding into cauterization, its methodology and clinical applications. His treattise, Kitāb al ̒Umda Fī Şanā’t al-Jarrāḥ contains an extensive account of operative procedures, instruments and case reports on many surgical procedures including kayi. According to him, kayi is best done in spring season if there is no emergency, iron should be preferred for cautery over gold, and treatment by kayi should be attempted only if medicines are ineffective and proper evacuation of morbid humors has been carried out. Masihi advised cauterization of the head, face, neck, chest, abdomen and over affected lesions comprising of a total of 44 conditions including apoplexy, sciatica, delicate structures like eye in epiphora, nose etc.

References

Zimmerman LM, Veith I. Great ideas in the history of surgery. Norman Publishing. San Francisco 1993; pp 3-20.

Ellis H. A History of Surgery London: Greenwich Medical Media Limited 2002; pp 4-6, 11-18.

Nikhat S, Fazil M. Kayi (Cauterization): A tribute to Unani Scholars. Med J Islamic World Acad Sci 2013;2:81-88.

Masihi IQ. Kita al-Umda Fil Jarahat. Vol 1. Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine. New Delhi 1986; pp 218-219.

Qadeer A. Tareekh-e-Tibb wa Akhlaqiyat. 6th ed. All India Unani Tibbi Conference. New Delhi 2016; pp 239-241.

Usaiba IA. Uyoon al-Anba Fi Tabaqat al-Atibba. Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine. New Delhi 1992; pp 519-520.

Masihi IQ. Kitab al Umda Fil Jarahat. Vol 2. Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine. New Delhi 1986; pp 169-183.

Zahrawi AQ. Jarahiyat-e-Zahrawi Kanpur. Darul Isha'at 1947; pp 3-36.

Published
2019-06-25
How to Cite
1.
Fazil M, Nikhat S. Cauterization in the Work of Ibn Al Qaf Masihi (1233-1286 AD)-Medical Heritage of 13th Century. Trad Integr Med. 4(2):91-99.
Section
Review Article(s)