Etiology and Symptoms of Epilepsy from the Perspective of Traditional Persian Medicine Scientists

  • Haleh Tajadini Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran Department of Persian Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Elham Akhtari Research Institute for Islamic & Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Rostam Seifadini Neurology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • Mahdiyeh Khazanehha Department of Knowledge and Information Science, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
Keywords: Traditional Persian Medicine, Epilepsy, Preventive Medicine

Abstract

Epilepsy is a relatively common neurological disease classified as a chronic disease in modern medicine. Different treatments have been suggested for this disease, but they have failed in complete treatment of some types of epilepsy. Since Traditional Persian Medicine is one of the medical schools with special perspectives on epilepsy, we aimed to review the etiology and symptoms of epilepsy from the perspective of Dr. Ahmadieh, the contemporary physician, and some well-known traditional medicine practitioners [hakims] in order to obtain a new pattern in recognition and classification of epilepsy. Valid texts of traditional medicine in different historical periods including: The Canon of Medicine (Avicenna, 980-1037AD), Sharhe Asbab va Alamat (Nafis ibn Avaz Kermani), Zakhireye Kharazmshahi (Jorjani), Exire Aazam (Nazem Jahan), Moalejate Aghili (Aghili Alavai Khorasani Shirazi), Kholasat al-Hekma (Aghili Alavai Khorasani Shirazi), Tebe Akbari (Shah Arzani Dehlavi) and Mizan Al-Teb (Hakim Arzani) with focus on opinions of Dr. Ahmadieh (Abdollah Ahmadieh), were investigated. Relevant issues to epilepsy and its etiology and symptoms were reviewed and the common points and differences of various perspectives were gathered. According to traditional practitioners, epilepsy is a partial obstruction occurred in brain paths and ventricles preventing organs to perform their natural function. Familiarity with perspectives of traditional medicine from etiology and symptoms of epilepsy would help to suggest a new and practical classification of the disease. Thus, it seems that attention to these perspectives could provide a new approach for prevention, diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy.

References

Bradly WG, Daroff RB. Neurology inclinical practice. 5th ed. B&H Elsevier. Uk 2008.

Katzung BG. Basic & clinical pharmacology. 8th ed. East Norwalk: Appleton & Lange 2001.

Adams RD, Victor M, Ropper AH. Principles of neurology. 6th ed. McGraw-Hill. New York 1997.

Pugh MJ, Berlowitz DR, Rao JK, Shapiro G, Avetisyan R, Hanchate A. The quality of care for adults with epilepsy: an initial glimpse using the QUIET measure.BMC Health Serv Res 2011;11:1-2.

Bekiroglu N, Ozkan R, Gurses C, Arpaci B, Dervent A. A study on awareness and attitude of teacherson epilepsy in Istanbul. Seizure. 2004; 13:517-522

Mostafavi J, Pakdamn A. Comparison of ancient medicine with modern medicine. Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran 1980.

Radhakrishnank. Challenges in the management of epilepsy in Resource-poor countries. Nat Rev Neural 2009;5:323-330

French JA. Refractoryepilepsy: clinical overview. Epilepsy 2007;48:3-7

WHO traditional medicine strategy 2002-2005.Geneva, 2002; 1-3:43-47.

Naseri M, Rezaei H, Chopani R. Anoushirvani M, Morouri bar kolieyat teb sonati. Nashr Shahr. Tehran 2009.

Seifaddini R, Tajadini H, Choopani R. Physiopathology of dementia from the perspective of traditional persian medicine. Evid-Based Complementary Altern Med 2015;20:224-227.

Ibn al-nafis. Al-mojz fel Al-teb. 2001.

Arzani MA. Teb akbari. Institue of Medical History Studies, Islamic and Complementary Medicine. Tehran 2008.

Aghili Khorasani Shirazi MH. moaalejet Aghili. Institute of Medical History Studies, Islamic and Complementary Medicine. Tehran 2008.

Avicenna . al-Qanun fi Alteb. 3rd ed. Institue Alamy Lelmtboat. Beirut 2006.

Aghili Khorasani M. Kholaseh al-hekmah. Qom 2006.

Ahmadiyh A. Raz darman. Iqbal. Tehran 2008.

Jurjani I. Al-aghraz al-tabieyh va al-mobahesat al-allaieyh. Tehran University. Tehran 2006

Jurjani I. Zakhireh Kharazmshahi. Niyakan. Tehran 1977.

Azam Khan M. Exir Azam. Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran 2008.

Kermani N. Sharh al-asbab va Al-alamat. Institue of natural Ahya’teb. Qom 2008.

Published
2018-06-19
How to Cite
1.
Tajadini H, Akhtari E, Seifadini R, Khazanehha M. Etiology and Symptoms of Epilepsy from the Perspective of Traditional Persian Medicine Scientists. JTIM. 3(2):84-0.
Section
Review Article(s)